Stink Bug Facts

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Stink bugs are in the Pentatomidae, which are bugs that produce odors as their self-defense. There are over 200 different species of stink bugs throughout the world with the majority of them eating strictly plants; however, some are predators and eat other bugs. Though they usually are not a pest problem, they do have the ability to reproduce quickly, which would cause damage to the plant life around them, making them a nuisance to farms and gardens

Appearance - The stink bug’s shape is the most distinguishing trait since it resembles the shape of a shield. These triangle-shaped bugs are generally a shade of green or brown with a tucked-in head and a mouth that looks like a long, sharp beak. The most distinguishing characteristic between the adult and the immature stink bug is the appearance of four wings in adults.

Diet – Some stink bugs are predators, usually killing other pests, which make them welcome at most farms. The majorities of stink bugs are herbivores though, and usually prefer fruit plants, but will eat other crops or garden plants also. The stink bug damages and sometimes kills the plant, leaving it susceptible to microorganisms when it pierces the plant with its mouth injecting enzymes and extracting the plant’s juices.

Defense - When a stink bug is handled or fears any harm they have an unusually defense mechanism, they stink. The bug is already sturdy and usually can even withstand most pesticides; it also has another defense originating from the bug’s thorax. The stink bug’s thoracic segments are located on the sides of the bug and when frightened it releases a distinct odor from the glands that usually causes a quick release.

Reproduction - Not only does the stink bug depend on plants to live, but also to reproduce. Stink bugs depend on plants as a safe place to deposit their eggs, which are usually in groups of 20 to 30 eggs in a mass. After eggs hatch, they are nymphs, which remain near the egg masses working together. As the nymphs develop, they begin to slowly move away and feed. Then move into adulthood, and repeat the mating process once they find a mate.

Habitat - Stink bugs live throughout the world and can be found anywhere near vegetation. They generally choose to live on fruit plants but are nocturnal and attracted to light and warmth, which sometimes draws them into homes. In cold climates, the stink bug usually hibernates, while they can live all year long in warm areas.

Those where all the things you need to know about stink bugs. Use this knowledge to have a deeper knowledge of the insect and use this knowledge to your advantage.


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